All About Heartleaf Philodendron Plants

Heartleaf philodendron is a popular houseplant known for its lush green leaves and easy care. In this article, we will discuss everything you need to know about heartleaf philodendron plants, from their origin and appearance to their care requirements and propagation methods.

What is a Heartleaf Philodendron?

The heartleaf philodendron (Philodendron scandens) is a species of flowering plant in the Araceae family. It is native to Central and South America and is commonly grown as a houseplant in many parts of the world. The heartleaf philodendron is an evergreen vine that can grow up to 10 feet long.

Origin and Appearance of Heartleaf Philodendron

As mentioned earlier, the heartleaf philodendron is native to Central and South America. Its appearance varies depending on the variety. However, most heartleaf philodendrons have green, heart-shaped leaves that are glossy and smooth. The leaves are typically 2 to 4 inches long and wide, with a pointed tip.

Types of Heartleaf Philodendron

There are several types of heartleaf philodendron, including:

  • Philodendron scandens
  • Philodendron hederaceum ‘Lemon Lime’
  • Philodendron hederaceum ‘Brazil’
  • Philodendron micans
  • Philodendron cordatum ‘Brasil’

Growing Conditions for Heartleaf Philodendron

Light Requirements

Heartleaf philodendrons prefer bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can scorch their leaves, while too little light can cause stunted growth. Ideally, they should be placed near a window that receives filtered light or under a grow light.

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Temperature and Humidity

Heartleaf philodendrons thrive in temperatures between 65-80°F and humidity levels between 40-60%. They do not tolerate extreme temperatures or drafts.

Watering and Soil

Heartleaf philodendrons prefer to be kept evenly moist but not waterlogged. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again. They do well in a well-draining, peat-based potting mix.

Fertilizing Heartleaf Philodendron

Heartleaf philodendrons should be fertilized every two to four weeks during the growing season (spring and summer) with a balanced fertilizer. Be sure to follow the package instructions for the proper dosage.

Pruning and Maintenance of Heartleaf Philodendron

Heartleaf philodendrons benefit from regular pruning to keep them healthy and bushy. Prune back any leggy or yellowing

branches, and pinch off the tips of new growth to encourage fuller foliage. You can also use plant ties or stakes to train the vine to climb and cover a trellis or support.

Propagation of Heartleaf Philodendron

There are two main methods of propagating heartleaf philodendrons: stem cuttings and division.

Propagation through Stem Cuttings

To propagate heartleaf philodendrons through stem cuttings, take a cutting from a healthy plant that has several leaves and a node. Place the cutting in water or moist soil and keep it in a warm, bright location. Roots should develop within a few weeks, and once they do, you can transplant the cutting into a pot with soil.

Propagation through Division

To propagate heartleaf philodendrons through division, gently remove the plant from its pot and separate the root ball into two or more sections. Each section should have at least one stem and several leaves. Plant each section in a pot with fresh soil and water well.

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Common Problems with Heartleaf Philodendron

Heartleaf philodendrons are generally easy to care for, but they can be susceptible to a few problems. The most common issues include:

Yellowing or brown spots on leaves, which can indicate overwatering, underwatering, or pests.
Pests such as spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects.
Root rot, which can occur if the plant is kept too wet.

Toxicity of Heartleaf Philodendron

Heartleaf philodendrons are toxic to pets and humans if ingested. The leaves contain calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause irritation and swelling of the mouth and throat. Keep the plant out of reach of children and pets.

Benefits of Having Heartleaf Philodendron in Your Home

Heartleaf philodendrons not only add beauty to your home but also provide numerous health benefits. They are known to purify the air by removing harmful toxins and pollutants, such as formaldehyde and benzene. Additionally, caring for houseplants has been shown to reduce stress and improve mood.


Heartleaf philodendrons are a popular and easy-to-care-for houseplant that can bring life and beauty to any room. With the proper growing conditions, fertilizing, and pruning, they can thrive and provide numerous health benefits.


1. Can heartleaf philodendrons grow in low light?

  • Yes, heartleaf philodendrons can tolerate low light conditions, but they will grow best in bright, indirect light.

2. How often should I water my heartleaf philodendron?

  • Water your heartleaf philodendron when the top inch of soil is dry to the touch.

3. Is it safe to have a heartleaf philodendron around pets?

  • No, heartleaf philodendrons are toxic to pets and humans if ingested.
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4. How do I propagate a heartleaf philodendron?

  • You can propagate heartleaf philodendrons through stem cuttings or division.

5. What are some common problems with heartleaf philodendrons?

  • Common problems with heartleaf philodendrons include yellowing or brown spots on leaves, pests, and root rot.

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